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Tuesday, October 27, 2020

List of 10 Most Noted Pyramids in the World

Pyramid of the Sun

This pyramid is located in Mexico, in the ancient city of Teotihuacan, built around 100 AD. It’s 66 meters (216 feet) high and it’s 220 by 230 meters (720 by 760 feet) at its base, and has 248 steps on its west side that lead to the top of the pyramid. It is believed that on top of the pyramid once stood a temple that has long been destroyed.

The Great Pyramid of Khufu

This pyramid, located in Giza, Egypt, was built by Pharaoh Khufu around 2550 BC, and it’s the largest of  three pyramids there. It is also the only standing wonder of the ancient world. Its original height was 147 meters (481 feet) and it is 230 meters (755 feet) at its base on all sides. The middle pyramid at Giza was built by Khufu’s son, Khafre, and the third was built by Khafre’s son, Mankaure.

The Great Pyramid of Cholula

This pyramid has the title of the largest pyramid in the world. The Aztec temple is located in Puebla, Mexico. Due to merciless time, the pyramid looks more like a hill than a pyramid. When Cortes arrived, he didn’t notice that there was a temple pyramid, but only a hill. He even chose the top of the pyramid (hill) as place to build a church. The church La Iglesia de los Remedios was constructed, and still stands. The pyramid itself is 54 meters (177 feet) tall and covers an area of 18 hectares.

The Pyramid of Cestius

This pyramid is located in Rome, Italy. It was built by a wealthy Roman between 18 and 12 BC, and its 36 meters (120 feet) high. Though the idea was influenced by the Egyptian pyramids, this pyramid rises at a much sharper angle. An inscription states: “Gaius Cestius Epulo, son of Lucius, of the Poblilian district, praetor, tribune of the people, official of the public banquets. According to his will, this work was completed in 330 days, executed by his heirs L. Pontus Mela, son of Publius, of the Claudian district, and his freedman Pothus”. It’s the only pyramid of this type in Europe.

Pyramid of the Magician

This pyramid is the tallest structure in the Ancient city of Uxmal, Mexico. Legend says that a magician named Itzamna erected the pyramid in one night, using his powerful  magic. The pyramid is around 35 meters (115 feet) high and has a base 69 by 49 meters (227 by 162 feet). This pyramid is unique because of its rounded sides.

Pyramid of the Great Jaguar

This temple is in the ancient city of Tikal, north of the Peten region, Guatemala. The temple pyramid was built around the 8th century AD and has nine levels, representing the Maya underworld. The temple is 50 meters (164 feet) high and can be climbed by narrow steps. The Tikal King Jasaw Chan K’awiil is buried inside the pyramid.

The Bent Pyramid

This pyramid is located in Dahshur, south of Cairo. It was built by the Pharaoh Sneferu (c. 2600 BC) in the Old Kingdom. This pyramid is one of the earliest ever built in Egypt. At the bottom, the walls rise at a 54-degree angle, but was considered too steep, so they reduced the angle to 43 degrees, giving it a bent appearance.

Pyramid of Niches

Located in the ancient city of El Tajin, eastern Mexico, this pyramid is unique for its 365 symmetrically arranged square niches, creating a constantly shifting play of light and shadow. It was built around the 8th century AD. It is 20 meters high and has a stairway leading to the top.

Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor

The mausoleum was constructed from 246 to 208 BC in Xi’an, China. This truncated pyramid is the burial place of the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty. The emperor was buried with an army of 8000 life-size terracotta soldiers.

The Red Pyramid

The Red Pyramid is the largest of the three in the Dahshur necropolis. This is the third pyramid built by the Pharaoh Sneferu (the same Pharaoh who built the Bent Pyramid). Unlike the Bent Pyramid, this pyramid is built at a 43 degree angle from the bottom. It is named after the reddish limestone that was used for building material.

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