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Major Civilizations

The Year of The 4 Roman Emperors – The Ultimate Fight for Power

The year of the 4 Emperors took place in 69 A.D. It signified the period in which three leaders had been changed over the...

Who Founded Stoicism

Initially, it was known as "Zenonism". It was a philosophical school that arose in Athens in 300 BC. What made it so popular?

Pharaoh Menes and the Unification of Egypt

The story of Pharaoh Menes is surrounded in folklore and mystery. Was he really the first pharaoh that united the country of Egypt?

The History of Typography – The Process of Creating Printed Materials

Typography was invented twice: once in China and Korea and in medieval Europe. In China, printing was invented, according to some data (Julien, "Documents...

Arab Conquest of North Africa

The first invasion The first officially organized invasion of North Africa by the Caliphate began in 647. After leaving Medina, 20,000 Arabs joined in Memphis...

The Famous Medieval Arabic Conquests

The first invasion It began with the conquest of the Middle East. Byzantium lost the Levant, and the Sassanid state lost Mesopotamia. The confrontation with Byzantium...

Prehistoric North Africa – Neolithic Period

The rock carvings of the Sahara, of which the most famous are the drawings from Tassilin-Adjer in Algeria, reflect living scenes of everyday life...

Prehistoric North Africa – Paleolithic Period

Lower and Middle Paleolithic During the excavations on the territory of the Sahara in Ain al-Khaneh (Ain el Hanech) near the Algerian city ​​of Said,...

Fall of the Western Roman Empire

The transition from the republic to the imperial form of government led to a gradual erosion of the institutions of civil society. The Senate...

The History of Roman Gaul

Gaul was divided into several provinces. The Romans facilitated migration and resettlement in order to avoid uprisings that could pose a threat to Roman...

The History of Syracuse – Roman-Carthaginian Stage

After an unsuccessful struggle with the Carthaginians (406–405 B.C.), the Hermokrat party again appeared on the scene and, by the way, Dionysius, the favorite...

The Roman Legion of the Early Republic Period

In a certain period of time (perhaps in the early period of the Roman Republic, which was headed by two consuls), the legion (the...

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Medieval Crime & Punishment – How Were Criminals Tortured?

During the Medieval Ages, there was a substantial amount of criminals. This was due to the impunity surrounding criminals which gave them the freedom to...

Were The Vikings Really As Strong As They Are Portrayed?

Who Were The Vikings? Vikings were known as one of the bravest warriors in history. But is this really true? Or do we just think this...

Twins in History – A Blessing or a Curse?

Twins in History The birth of twins isn't something unusual. Historically, it was accepted in many cultures.   The birth of twins can be...

Glima – The Nordic Martial Art Practiced by the Vikings

What is Glima? Glima is a Scandinavian martial arts system used by the fearless Vikings. Strength wasn't the only way to dominate your opponent even...

How Were Books Made In the Middle Ages

Each of the medieval period books were written by hand, starting in the early until the medium middle age when talking about Europe, a majority...