Peter III of Russia – Reining Only 6 Months

About the Life of Peter

After Elizabeth of Russia passed away she named her successor to be Peter III. Peter was born in Kiel, this was in the current Holy Roman Empire and he had German heritage. As a child he lost both of his parents and was adopted. He was called to come and live in the court from the current queen of Russia, Elizabeth. In 1742 before he went to Russia, Peter was proclaimed King of Finland during the Russian Swedish War. He had wast dynasty claims on both sides from his family, his mother was sister with the current queen of Russia. Peter had claim to the Swedish empire as well, he was picked in 1742 to become an heir to the throne of Swede, but he also had a claim to the throne of Russia.

He was married to Catherine, later known the great by Elizabeth. They married in 1745, even though it wasn’t a happy marriage it had political claims. They had one son and one daughter, but the problem later was that Catherine proclaimed Peter wasn’t the father of their children because they never consummated.

Becoming King

Elizabeth died and the rightful heir was Peter, he succeeded the Russian throne on 5 January 1762. The first thing that Peter did was remove the forces from Prussian lands. The seven years war was in process and Prussia was losing, Russian forces were winning and moving towards Berlin. A couple of days were needed in order for Prussia to fall, but one miracle happened. Peter being a German and a huge fan of Prussia and it’s leader Fredrick removed the soldiers. He withdrew all Russian troops from Prussia and left the war. But to make things worse he joined the war again but from Prussian side and gave troops to them. This was a real bold move, in the future to come Prussia will cause some serious trouble to Russia, etc.

After his move Peter wanted to attack Denmark and he was looking for a casus belli. He wanted to gain some territory from Denmark and made some political alliances for a safer war. Peter started moving troops towards Denmark and waited for a reason to start a war. The Danish were in panic and threatened to attack the free city of Hamburg, Peter saw this as a threat and a good reason for starting a war.

Forty thousand forces were mobilized and assembled in Pomerania to attack the kingdom of Denmark. The Danes had around twenty five thousand troops. But the problem was that this war didn’t start. Peter was later removed from the throne and one of the reasons was because of this unpatriotic war. He didn’t have much authority in the court and was a weak player.

Peter also made some reforms, he passed over two hundred new laws to be exact and changed a lot of things. One of the reforms was abolishing the secret police, education for aristocrats, excluding the nobility form military services, etc.

The End of his Reign

As mentioned he only ruled for six months. In those six months he managed to mess up a lot. He made some interesting reforms and tended to modernize Russia. But there was a plot against him by many members of the government and influential figures. They revolted the guards to turn against their emperor, but the key player was his wife. The unloving Catherine maybe was the leader of this plot against the king, they imprisoned the King and he was forced to abdicate in 28 June the same year he was crowned. He later eventually “died” but there is a huge chance he was killed. The next for the throne was Catherine later known as the great.