The Story of the Santorini Eruptions | The Culprit Behind the End of Atlantis and Minoan Civlization

The Volcano Thera We know from geological and archaeological records that a major eruption of the volcano Thera (named after the largest remaining island in the Santorini group, which surround the caldera caused by Thera’s explosion) took place about 3500 years ago. Radiocarbon, tree-ring, ice-core data have shown that the date was probably between 1690 […]

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The Earliest Great Explorers You Have Probably Never Heard Of

Phoenician merchants The earliest explorers are barely remembered legends. Among legendary voyages is that of Jason and the Argonauts, now thought to record the first Greek expedition into the Black Sea, probably about 1000 BCE. Unknown Phoenician merchants opened up the western Mediterranean around the same time, establishing a farthest outpost at Gadir (Cadiz, Spain) […]

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Hernán Cortés: Expeditions after Mexico

After the Conquest of Mexico In August of 1521 explaining that he had conquered the city, leaving a longer account for later. This note did not reach Spain until March 1522. Believing he had accomplished a triumph with no response, he felt ignored but not idle. During this period, he began the reconstruction of Tenochtitlán, […]

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Hernán Cortés: The Conquest of Mexico

Cortes at Cozumel While waiting in Cozumel for the repair of one of his vessels, Cortés met Gerónimo de Aguilar, a Spaniard who had been shipwrecked off the coast of the Yucatan and had been captured by the Maya. During his eight-year captivity, he became fluent in Chontal Maya and therefore was recognized as an […]

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